种族问题

昨天和谷主从外面滑雪回来,我回家第一件事情是想知道澳网的结果,后来发现记错时间了,男单决赛还没开打。谷主是个奥巴马的支持者,回来第一件事情是想知道奥巴马赢了南卡洛来纳的民主党初选没有,结果发现奥巴马几乎是压倒性的赢了希拉里,但这个结果的背后是:在一个有着50%黑人人口的州里,奥巴马赢得了80%的黑人选票,是黑人的选票帮助奥巴马赢得了南卡洛来纳,而在白人中,奥巴马只有25%的人支持。不管在政治上谈论种族差距有多不正确,我看到的就是按照肤色在投票。

去年夏天,我和谷主住在华盛顿,这是一个超过一半人口都是黑人的城市,你可能会觉得这是一个到处都能碰到黑人的地方。错了,在我和谷主住得那个地区(西北区),除了来给家里草坪浇水的那个人黑人以外,我们几乎就没有在街上碰到过一个黑人。事实是,华盛顿也是一个超级种族分割的城市,在西北区,几乎就没有黑人,在东南区,几乎90%都是黑人。我们那时的室友Warren的未婚妻在圣路易斯工作,根据排名,圣路易斯大概很多年以来都是美国谋杀案发生率最高的城市,或者说最危险的城市。我们就跟Warren说,你怎么不让你未婚妻换个地方工作啊。他说,你是没去过圣路易斯,那个城市有条大河,河那边全是黑人,谋杀都在那边,河这边都是白人,根本没有打打杀杀,他最后加了一句:就跟华盛顿一样,这里的谋杀也很多,不过你根本碰不上。

昨天滑雪的中间,我跟谷主说,我们滑这一次雪,加在一起花了能有好几百美元。古主吃了一惊,我跟她算了算,就是这么多,不过大部分都是买的装备,以后还能用的。谷主想了想,还是觉得比较贵,说:滑雪好像不是一个便宜的运动。我的回答很简单:当然不便宜,你四处看看,你能看到一个黑人吗?

那是一个有成百上千人的滑雪场,真的一个黑人都没有看到。

种族问题,在废奴之后150年之后,在马丁路德金遇刺40年后,在这个国家,依旧严重。

Advertisements
此条目发表在经济学笔记分类目录。将固定链接加入收藏夹。

10 Responses to 种族问题

  1. xinzheng说道:

    不知道郭凯是怎么理解种族问题的。
    如果只是看到按肤色投票,黑人聚集区谋杀案多,黑人收入低,就得出种族问题严重,似乎有点幼稚。
    马丁路德金所追求的,以及60年代美国民权运动的诉求到底是什么,还是先搞搞清楚再说种族问题吧。
    我不是专家,但是我记得,似乎只有同等条件下因为你的肤色而禁止你干某些事情的时候,我们才可以很谨慎地套上种族问题这个大帽子。

  2. msn说道:

    说实话就是我这个中国人也很难想象有一天会有一个黑人以美国总统的名义出现。我倒不觉得我有种族歧视,而是我觉得什么东西一旦被贴上标签就会失去本性。事实上,打种族牌是一个很危险的举动,盲目而且短视。如果奥巴马是靠这个赢得大选的,我觉得一点都不值得庆幸。因为这就是另一种形式的歧视和不公。就好像是现在不少美国高校为了所谓的政治正确而降低黑人或其他少数族裔入校的门槛,这样果真就是重视吗?我看这恰恰是变相的不平等。动辄拿种族说事的人,就好像我们之中有些动辄拿“民族利益”说事的人,个人比较鄙视这些张狂之徒。

  3. stedy说道:

    对于no name回帖我觉得有些偏执,否认了社会关系和人们习惯的巨大力量。一群小孩家长说小孩a有怪异,不让自己孩子跟a玩。这是不是合法呢?显然家长有权这样做。但小孩的同学关系是不是有问题呢?

  4. 君琪说道:

    穷的地方犯罪率就高,和肤色没太大关系吧
     
    只是黑人大多比较穷吧

  5. Simon说道:

    虽然,我也认为美国的“种族问题”还有很长的路要走,但是,至少人家在走啊…至少,我们可以看到有少数民族(黑人)和女性跑出来竞选总统啊…有谁来关心一下大洋彼岸的国家呢?
    陈水扁干得不好,台湾人民“用手投票”就把他赶下台了,大陆呢?连“用脚投票”的权力都没有,就更别说让少数民族和女性出来竞选了…

  6. li说道:

    no name, 民权运动还在继续. segregation 的确是很深刻的概念.不是通过一两个法案就解决了. de facto的种族问题是仍然存在并更难解决的.

  7. Luning说道:

    我也不同意是种族问题,对黑人和其他人种的歧视至少显性的已经消失了。如果说隐性的,那么华人的权利地位资源还都远远不如黑人,社会舆论也多数照顾黑人。但是各大名校本科生华人的比例远超占整体人口的比例,黑人又如何呢?总说因为黑人教育资源有限,到哈林区逛逛看看街上的小孩就知道,学校再好不去也没用
    要是谁想就黑人是不是不如白人华人聪明做个学术研究,肯定还没开题就得比Summers惨多了。美国人到了另一个极端,一听可能人和人有差异就本能的反感,现打倒再说。
    博里说的就跟穷人区富人区一样,是社会经济自然选择的结果。选举结果也很正常,因为受的教育越少越容易被煽动,失去独立思考的能力

  8. Xiang说道:

    忘了是谁做的分析,美国的种族隔离经历了从contract到contact的变化。楼上的说“似乎只有同等条件下因为你的肤色而禁止你干某些事情的时候,我们才可以很谨慎地套上种族问题这个大帽子”。事实上,美国60年代民权运动以来,这可以说是面旗帜,也可以说是一面幌子。肤色只是一个集合概念,它是同SES紧密相连的。Geographical segregation是有很多实证研究做佐证的。说久远一点的例子,1935年的社安法案并没有说黑人不能领取社安保险。但是领取社安的对象非farmers(可能记得不确切),事实上就是这样的entitlement,黑人根本不符合,也就失去了资格……

  9. E.说道:

    呵呵,其实密西西比河西岸的黑人也很多,只不过东圣路易斯确实最夸张

  10. biyu说道:

    I think sexism is more serious than racism in the US.Obama was elected to the President. But he is only half black. He was raised in white family, went to the private school,which a lot of white children can\’t afford. Actually,I still doubt he knows the struggles of black people.He got the benefits from growing up in the white family. In the primary contest with Hillary, he took advantage of the color of his skin. He won Mississippi and Louisiana in the primary election for nomination, but in the final general election, he won neither of these two states. He only won one state in South with small margin,Florida, under the help of Bill Clinton. But Hillary won Florida in the primary election. In short, he took advantage of both the white and the black. If Hillary was Democratic nominee, I am sure she would win the final election and she would won the states of Louisiana and Arkansas. Look at the states Obama won in the final election, how many of them were won by Hillary in the primary election?I am a student in Louisiana, but i am not a racist. My roommate is a white American gay. He just doesn\’t like black people. I always argued it with him. I always said you should not judge people by the color of the skin. I always said you should try to understand the struggle of black people. I have asked my fellow students and some professors. Only one white American women voted Obama. The only reason is she didn\’t like George Bush.She thought Mccain is so Bush, besides this white woman stayed in North America for more than 10 years. He could win the final election, Hillary helped him a lot. Just think about how much work Hillary has done for him? On the other hand, if Hillary was the nominee, would he do as much work for Hillary as Hillary do for him? I completely doubt it!!!Now people said he has a big heart to nominate Hillary as the Sectary of State. But Hillary said if she won the nomination, she would choose Obama as VP. Hillary has a even bigger heart than him. The reality is Hillary won the respect from different colors of people, including even black people, Mexican, Asian, even though she lost the primary. Can Obama win the respect from different colors of people??? We don\’t know about it. I personally think probably not. I know he said Asian are short. I watched a video on internet in which Hillary was making a speech to Mexican people before final election and asked Mexican people, most of them are her supports, to vote Obama. If Obama can win the respect from Mexican, why Hillary had to ask them to vote Obama?The other thing is after Hillary announced her suspending the contest and endorsed Obama. Just a few days later, the color women, most are black women, hosted a meeting and a dinner for Hillary. Why? Because they respect her. I know people in China don\’t like Hillary,because she likes to talk about human rights. But she talked and fought for human rights including gay rights in the US too. But Chinese people in the US supported her in the primary election instead of Obama. She might attack Chinese government, but she didn\’t insult Chinese people. In contrast, the talk show star Opera- first billionaire Africa woman, did insult Chinese. She supported Obama at the very beginning, even though she doesn\’t know much about Obama at that time except that she has the same skin as obama, even though Bill Clinton signed the Act and shaked her hands before, even though Hillary appeared in her programs before. Who is racist? Hillary or Opra? Hillary was most admired woman in the US this year again. This is the sixth time she was chose the most admired woman in the US. She is the woman of the year in 2008. I personally think Bill Clinton treat women more equally than Obama despite of his infadility and womanizing before. The first woman General attorney and the first woman secretary of state was appointed by him. Of course, the back hand is Hillary. Now, he is willing to make sacrifices for his wife.

发表评论

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / 更改 )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / 更改 )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / 更改 )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / 更改 )

Connecting to %s